Folk legend talks about the origin of these spas that the mineral springs were discovered a long time ago by a shepherd who healed his "painful" feet while bathing in the strangely and unusually pungent rammish water of these springs. Hearsay and rumours about the healing effects of the spring spread very quickly and people from the larger environs began to hunt and look for it.The origin of the name Smrdáky is interesting. Based on historic documents, the settlement was called Nová Ves (New Village, Villa Nova) in Slovak language at that time. The village got its present name from the stinky mineral springs. When peasants and farmers gathered in the neighbouring towns for annual fairs, those who came from Nová Ves were nicknamed „Smrdáci“ (stink=SMRDiet). This name became common then and eventually substituted the preceding and previous name of the settlement.
The first written reference about the spa location in Smrdáky was stated in the city plan from 1617. It was issued by the squire at that time, Majtény - Novák. Slovak polyhistor Matej Bel, in his well-known work Notitia Hungariae Novae Historicogeographia (Historical and Geographical Knowledge of Hungary) from 1740, states the spa hamlet Smrdáky, and for the first time describes here the use of hydrogen sulphide water for therapeutic healing purposes. In 1763, the official physician Ján M. Gottmann prepared an analysis of Smrdáky´s waters, in which he commented and remarked that spas could be established near such waters in the future.Very significant also is the medical dissertation thesis of the chief physician Jozef Callas Nagy about Spa Smrdáky (Thermarum Büdösköensium, 1840) considered and assessed at Vienna University. Except for the chemical water analysis, which was done by Nitra´s pharmacist and apothecary František Lang Adolf, there are also indications – a list of diseases which were successfully treated already here before the establishment of the spa institution. Primarily mentioned are various skin diseases, like eczema, herpes, sphinx moth and the like.The first bathhouse in Smrdáky was built by the landowner in the vicinity of the springs, Nitra´s deputy city mayor Jozef Vietoris, in the years 1832-33. This period is dated and also known as the modern history of the spas.
Later in 1839, also by courtesy and thanks to the owner J. Vietoris, an impressive grand manor house was built for his family and beloved guests. After several reconstructions, it has remained until today. The manor house with its classical portal has become the symbol of the spas. Jozef Vietoris also procured and arranged the building of a pleasant and agreeable spa environment. When he drained the marshland and swamp, he reclaimed space for a park, where he planted rare trees. Spa Park has today a surface area of 16 ha and is a favourite relaxation place for spa guests.The years of 1935 – 1938 were the most successful for the spas. The spa facilities there at that time accommodated around 180 patients and almost the same number was accommodated from the village. In addition, other patients from the nearby region also arrived for treatment, and so in those times around 400 daily bathers were recorded in the spa at the peak of the spa season. In 1950, the precious valuable source of mineral water was recorded and captured by drilling, and thus the healing water of the well-known composition was ensured. Depth drilling in 1953 discovered the primary source of hydrogen sulphide mineral water at a depth of 301 metres, and in 1957 a more abundant and substantial wellspring was discovered. Its content of active diatomic sulphur is currently the highest out of all the well-known European hydrogen sulphide waters.
Medical and spa treatments
Health and SPA treatment
Complex spa treatment of skin diseases in Smrdáky is based on a long tradition of using unique natural healing sources - hydrogen sulphide mineral healing water and sulphurous healing mud. These are used physical therapy as well as healing rehabilitation, as well as the high erudition and professionalism of doctors and other staff. It is these components of Smrdáky Spa, which guarantee a significant therapeutic effect on the health of our patients. PLK Smrdáky is treating non-infectious skin diseases as well as diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Natural mineral water with a high concentration of hydrogen sulfide and mineral hydrogen sulfide mud - are used again in the treatment. Apart from balneotherapy, we also have a modern rehabilitation department.
A major role in the healing process plays a doctor, who apart from basic the medical education has to be a specialist in erudition in dermatology or balneology, physiotherapy and rehabilitation. At the beginning of the patient's stay, the doctor examines, determines or refines the diagnosis and based on the diagnosis, sets a treatment plan. The individual treatment program is regularly checked once a week and adjusted as needed.
At the first examination, the nurse and the doctor perform a complete anamnestic examination, which is necessary to know the disease and its causes. A discussion with a doctor enables to gain patient’s confidence. Taking advantage of complete clinical examination, the doctor complements the knowledge gained. He/She performs a skin assessment of the patient, assessing the current condition of skin, measuring movement functions, observing stereotypes of movement and walking, observing acts of normal activities, measuring the strength of the muscles, checking the deviations from the norm, or changing the observed physiological parameters. During spa treatment, there is sometimes a temporary subjective but also objective deterioration of the patient's health, "Spa reaction". It is a reactive reorganization of the functional, adaptive and immune systems of the body through the influence of the individual or all factors of the spa treatment. This reaction may take varying length depending on the patient's overall condition and adaptability. It usually disappears during the first days of treatment.
The goal of complex spa treatment is to improve or eliminate skin disease consequences and to prolong the remission period (a period without symptoms or with minimal manifestations), normalization of the function of the locomotor apparatus disrupted by the pathological process. Equally important is the improvement of the subjective feeling of health and an increase in mental and physical fitness, which will ultimately contribute to improving the quality of life.